Tongda Heavy Industry Compost Turner Specific Operation Methods and Skills

The compost turner is a kind of equipment used to process organic fertilizer. It can turn and stir the organic fertilizer to make it more uniform. Determine the fermentation site. The site required for ground fermentation needs to be open and level, so that it can facilitate mass fermentation production. In general, raw materials have high moisture content, and a certain proportion of dry materials need to be added for moisture adjustment, such as straw powder, mushroom slag, etc.
The following are the specific operation methods and skills of the compost turner:
Preparations: Before using the compost turner, it is necessary to carry out safety inspection and maintenance on the equipment. Check whether the parts of the machine are complete, and whether the machine has abnormal noise or failure. It is also necessary to check the humidity and particle size of the organic fertilizer to ensure the turning effect.
Preparation of organic fertilizer: Before using the compost turner, organic fertilizer needs to be prepared. Usually, organic fertilizers, corn husks, rice husks and other auxiliary materials are mixed with main materials such as livestock and poultry manure, and an appropriate amount of chemical fertilizers are added to improve the utilization rate of fertilizers. The prepared organic fertilizer should meet the requirements of environmental protection and sanitation.
Start the compost turner: Put the prepared organic fertilizer into the compost turner, and then start the machine. Before starting the machine, the position of the stirring shaft of the compost turner should be adjusted to ensure that the organic fertilizer is fully stirred. After the turner is started, the organic fertilizer can be turned and stirred to make it more uniform.
Operating skills: When using the compost turner, you need to pay attention to the operating skills. Generally speaking, the speed and time of the compost turning machine should be controlled as much as possible to avoid excessive stirring and heating of the organic fertilizer, which will affect its quality. During the turning process, you should also pay attention to the humidity and temperature of the organic fertilizer, and make appropriate adjustments as needed.
Shutdown: After using the compost turner, it needs to be shut down in time. Before shutting down, the agitation should be stopped first, and then the organic fertilizer should be stabilized. After shutting down, it is necessary to clean and maintain the compost turner to ensure the normal operation of the equipment and prolong its service life.
In short, the use of the compost turner requires strict operating specifications and skills. Only by mastering the operation skills can the quality and effect of organic fertilizers be guaranteed.
Taking sheep manure as an example, pile sheep manure on the field, sprinkle special fermentation bacteria for sheep manure composting on the surface of raw materials, and add dry materials/auxiliary materials in an appropriate amount according to the amount of water. The general ratio of raw materials: auxiliary materials is 3:1, and the pile The width and height are determined according to the respective turner models.
The crawler turner and the turner walk on the material pile by itself, and evenly turn, stir, and crush the raw materials, so that the sheep manure, dry materials and auxiliary materials and bacteria can be fully stirred evenly. The turner also has the crushing function, even if the sheep There are large pieces of feces or dry auxiliary materials, and under the action of the compost turner, the large pieces of material can also be crushed and decomposed for full fermentation.
After turning over by the compost turner, a new flat material pile is formed, and the new pile is in a fluffy and loose state, creating a favorable aerobic state for material fermentation, which is very conducive to the production and fermentation of organic fertilizers. In such a state, the pile that has been turned over can be raised to a high temperature for fermentation within 24 hours, and the pile can be kept at a high temperature for 2-3 days before turning over. This state has basically become fat in 7 days.
In the high temperature, the germs, grass seeds, and insect eggs in sheep manure will be killed, and the macromolecular protein will be decomposed into small molecular protein that is easy for crops to absorb. During the biological fermentation process, it can effectively prevent the generation of harmful and malodorous gases such as hydrogen sulfide, amine gas, and indole in the feces, and completely remove the odor in the feces.
With the high temperature and turning of the pile, the moisture in the raw materials will gradually decrease. The general fermentation cycle is 12-15 days, and the fermentation can be completed in 7 days at the fastest, and the pile can be collected, and the moisture will also drop to about 30%. Can continue to the next step of deep processing, screening, crushing, granulation, etc.
As long as the initial fermentation work is done well, the quality of the organic fertilizer will be better, and the later deep processing will be easier to carry out. For example, in terms of granulation, there will be no problems such as difficult formation of balls. To sum up, it can be seen that the compost turner plays a very important role in the production and application of organic fertilizers. It is very important to choose a suitable high-quality and low-cost organic fertilizer compost turner.
Tongda Heavy Industry’s multi-functional compost turning machine can use any site to quickly realize fermentation and turning. It is the best choice for farms and organic fertilizer manufacturers. Therefore, buying a multi-functional compost turning machine is the most effective way to reduce construction and production costs and improve The right choice of organic fertilizer product quality.